Notes on a Japanese Class

Contents of first half of Yookoso Text: Volume One

Five 'Getting Started' Sections

  1. * Meeting Others and Introducing Yourself; * Everyday Greetings; * Classroom Expressions; * Introduction to the Japanese Writing System.

  2. Numbers up to 20; * Asking and Giving Telephone Numbers; * Asking and Telling Time; * Asking What Something Is; * The Japanese Writing System's Hiragana.

  3. Talking About Daily Activities; * Talking About Future Activities and Events; * Talking About Likes and Dislikes; * The Japanese Writing System's Hiragana (concluded).

  4. Talking About Activities and Events in the Past; * Inviting Someone to Do Something; * Talking About Weekly Schedules; * Talking About the Weather; * The Japanese Writing System's Katakana.

  5. Asking Location; * Numbers from 21 to 10,000; * Asking About Existence; * Asking About Price; * Talking More About Likes and Dislikes * The Japanese Writing System's Katakana (concluded) and an Introduction to Kanji.

First Three of Seven Chapters

Chapter 1: Classmates

Topics/Vocabulary
    * Nationalities and Languages
    * Personal Information
    * Around Campus
    * Study Hint: Learning New Vocabulary

Grammar
1. Identification: The Copula desu
2. Possessive Particle no
3. Personal Pronouns and Demonstratives
4a. Asking Questions: Interrogatives
4b. Particles ha and ga

Reading and Writing
    * Reading 1: Huransu-jin no kurasumeeto
    * Study Hint: Learning Kanji
    * Reading 2: Penparu o sagashite imasu!
    * Six Types of Kanji

Language Situations
    * Introducing Friends
    * Introducing Yourself

Chapter 2: My Town

Topics/Vocabulary
    * Commuting
    * Cities and Neighborhoods
    * Buldings and Places Around Town

Grammar
5. Adjectives and Adverbs
6. Expressing Existence: The Verbs arimasu and imasu
7. Indicating Location
8. Positional Words
9. Numerals and Counters
10a. Expressing Likes and Dislikes: 好き and きらい (suki and kirai)
10b. Sentence-Final yo
10c. Study Hint: Learning Grammar
10d. Polite Form Versus Plain Form

Reading and Writing
    * Reading 1: Buraun-san no nichijooseikatsu
    * Reading 2: Buraun-san no shuumatsu
    * Kanji

Language Situations
    * Showing Location on a Map

Chapter 3: Everyday Life

Topics/Vocabulary
    * Schedules
    * Daily Activities
    * Weekends and Holidays

Grammar
11. The Basic Structure of Japanese Verbs
12. The Nonpast, Polite Form of Verbs
13. The Past, Polite Form of Verbs
14. Particles Showing Grammatical Relationships
15. Making Suggestions: ~mashoo
16a. Conjoining Nouns: to and ya
16b. Adverbs Used in Negative Sentences
16c. Connecting Disjunctive Sentences
16d. Approximate Numbers

Reading and Writing and Kanji

Language Situations
    * Making a Phone Call
    * Extending an Invitation

Contents of second half of Yookoso Text: Volume One

Last Four of Seven Chapters

Chapter 4: Weather and climate

Vocabulary:
 4A: Weather Reports
 4B: Enjoying the Four Seasons
 4C: Forecasting

Grammar:
(G17) Conjugating Adjectives 
(G18) Comparatives and Superlatives 
(G19) The Past Plain Forms of Verbs
(G20) Explaining a Reason
(G21) The te-form of Adjectives and the Copula
(G22) The te-Form of Verbs
(G23) Expressing Probability and Conjecture

Language Situations
    * Asking Questions About the Japanese Language
    * Asking for Assistance with Kanji 

Chapter 5: Hobbies and Leisure Activities

Vocabulary:
 5A: Hobbies and Pastimes
 5B: Sports; skills
 5C: Family: one's own; other people's families

Grammar:
(G24) Interrogative 
(G25) Describing Abilities
(G26) Nominalizers
(G27) More Uses of the Particle 
(G28) Potential Form of Verbs 
(G29) The te-form of Verbs 
(G30) Relative Clauses
(G31) Describing a Change in State

Language Situations
    * Responding to Compliments 
    * Introducing a Family Member

Chapter 6: Foods and Beverages

Vocabulary:
 6A: Food, meals, and restaurants
 6B: Flavors, tastes, and seasonings
 6C: Cooking terms

Grammar:
(G32) Expressing Experience: The ta-Form of Verbs 
(G33) Expressing a Desire 
(G34) Expressing an Opinion
(G35) 
(G36) Quoting Speech
(G37) Expressing Intention 
(G38) The te-Form of Verbs + Verbs 
(G39) Expressing Simultaneous Actions 

Language Situations
    * Asking and Expressing Opinions
    * At a Restaurant

Chapter 7:

Notes on a Japanese Class

Lessons:

  1. Yookoso! G.S. [Getting Started] 1.
    1. Simple spoken introductions in Japanese.
    2. Lots of handouts: syllabus, hiragana, katakana, etc.
    3. Write own name in katakana.

  2. Yookoso! G.S.1.
    1. Learn the five hiragana vowels.
    2. Everyday greetings.
    3. Classroom expressions and vocabulary.

  3. Yookoso! G.S.2.
    1. Quiz of hiragana learned.
    2. Learn the 6th through 15th hiragana (Kv and Sv).
    3. Numbers up to 20.
    4. Asking and telling time (hours and half hour).

  4. Yookoso! G.S.3.
    1. Quiz of hiragana.
    2. Learn the 16th through 30th hiragana symbols (Tv, Nv, Hv)
    3. Asking what something is.
    4. Reading phone numbers.
    5. Talking about daily activities

  5. Yookoso! G.S.3.
    1. Quiz of hiragana and numbers.
    2. Learn the 30th through 41st hiragana symbols (Mv, Yv, Rv, Wv, N).
    3. Asking and telling time in 5-minute intervals.
    4. Talking about future activities and events.
    5. Talking about likes and dislikes.

  6. Yookoso! G.S.3. and G.S.4.
    1. Quiz of hiragana and numbers.
    2. Learn voiced/aspirated hiragana: 25 more symbols.
    3. Talking about past activities and events.

  7. Yookoso! G.S.3. and G.S.4.
    1. Quiz of hiragana including voiced/aspirated hiragana.
    2. Learn the 7 days of the week.
    3. Preparation for Test One.

  8. Yookoso! G.S.4.
    1. Quiz: hiragana including voiced/aspirated hiragana; dictation of 50 words said quickly.
    2. Positive and negative verbs for past activities and events.
    3. Modified vowels: ya-yu-yo subscripts to provide a glide.

  9. Yookoso! G.S.4. and G.S.5.
    1. Quiz: hiragana including ya-yi-yo-modifications.
    2. Talking about activities and events in the past.
    3. Numbers from 21 to 10,000; counting in 10s, 100s, 1000s, 10000s.
    4. Talking about likes and dislikes.
    5. Asking about location.
    6. Inviting someone to do something
    7. Talking about weekly schedules
    8. Talking about the weather

  10. Yookoso! G.S.5.
    1. Quiz: hiragana including ya-yi-yo-modifications; dictation of 5 words and phrases to write in hiragana.
    2. Asking About Price; attempted to hear prices on a muffled recording.
    3. Asking About Existence
    4. Previous, current, and subsequent day/morning/evening/week.
    5. Preparation for test with phrases.
    6. Pronunciation: double-consonants

  1. Yookoso! G.S.1-5.
    1. 1-hour exam on material in 'Getting Started'.
    2. Katakana: first 15 kana.

  2. Yookoso! Chapter 1.
    1. Review of exam on material in 'Getting Started'.
    2. Topic and vocabulary: Nationalities and Languages.
    3. Grammar: Identification through the Copula desu; the 'Nominal' sentence and the 'dropped subject' sentence.
    4. Katakana: next 10 kana (total now 25).

  3. Yookoso! Chapter 1.
    1. Topic and vocabulary: Asking where someone is from and their area of study.
    2. Grammar: Possessive Particle no
    3. Completed the Katakana.

  4. Yookoso! Chapter 1.
    1. Katakana modifications (as with Hiragana) with voicing and other modifications.
    2. How to transliterate foreign words into Katakana.
    3. Topic and vocabulary 1: Asking for personal information (name, phone, age, etc.).
    4. Grammar: Personal pronouns.
    5. Grammar: Demonstrative pronouns: kore, koko, kochira; the ko-so-a-do series (close to me, close to you, other there, interrogating).
    6. Practice on asking questions.

  5. Yookoso! Chapter 1.
    1. Review for test.

  6. Yookoso! Chapter 1.
    1. Topic and vocabulary review: Reading a paragraph; group translation.
    2. Writing individual self-descriptive paragraph to introduce yourself.
    3. Grammar: particles for topic, subject, direct object, agreement.

  7. Yookoso! Chapter 1.
    1. 1-hour exam on material in Chapter 1. Emphasized self-description.
    2. Katakana: consolidation by identifying all the USA states written in katakana.

  8. Yookoso! Chapter 2A.
    1. Review of exam on material in Chapter 1.
    2. Katakana: consolidation by writing on the USA map each state's name in katakana.
    3. Topic and vocabulary: Transportation method and time (Chapter 2a).

  9. Yookoso! Chapter 2B.
    1. Ignored adjectives (Chapter 2a). Have still not studied kanji.
    2. Topic and vocabulary: Describe your home town (Chapter 2b).
    3. Verbs of existence for (a) alive people and animals versus (b) plants and non-alive objects.
    4. Particles, particularly subject-particle.
    5. Counting things using the original Japanese system.
    6. Use of counters to identify types of things counted: phrases of quantity.

  10. Yookoso! Chapter 2C.
    1. Topic and vocabulary: Places around town (Chapter 2c).
    2. Cultural note: Japanese police boxes.
    3. Where someone is and when they will return.
    4. Use of two different grammatical structures to indicate location.
    5. Positional words (essentially nouns). [In English one would use prepositions.]

  1. Yookoso! Chapter 2C.
    1. More on: Describe your home town (Chapter 2b).
    2. Review of verbs of existence for (a) alive people and animals versus (b) plants and non-alive objects.
    3. Review of counting things using the original Japanese system.
    4. Review of use of counters to identify types of things counted: phrases of quantity.
    5. Like and dislike something.

  2. Yookoso! Chapter 2.
    1. Review for test of:
      • Counting things.
      • Prepositions.
      • Picture — recognizing location of things.
      • Expression of like/don't like.

  3. Yookoso! Chapter 2.
    1. Review for test.
    2. Test on Chapter 2.

  4. Yookoso! Chapter 3A.
    1. Results of test on Chapter 2.
    2. Days of the month; asking people their birthday; national holidays.
    3. Verbs: introduction to the three classes (with stems and endings) for:
      1. Class 1: consonant-ending verbs.
      2. Class 2: -eru and -iru verbs.
      3. Class 3: two odd-ball verbs.

  5. Yookoso! Chapter 3A.
    1. Verb classes: present tense-polite affirmative and negative (-masu and -masen endings).
    2. Practice asking and answering questions of other students.

  6. Yookoso! Chapter 3B.
    1. Verb classes: past tense-polite affirmative and negative (-mashita and -masen-deshita endings
    2. Practice answering the teacher's questions.
    3. Video of introductory conversations.

  7. Yookoso! Chapter 3B.
    1. Particles: wo/o; ha/wa; ni; te.

  8. Yookoso! Chapter 3C.

  9. Yookoso! Chapter 3C.
    1. Attempted to copy down dictation — disasterous.
    2. Grammar of invitation.
    3. Polite command format, inviting without asking your opinion: let's eat.
    4. Offering or inviting: won't you eat?
    5. Verb dictionary form; conjunctive form.
    6. Review prepositions.

  10. Yookoso! Chapter 3.
    1. Quiz on Chapter 3.

  1. Yookoso! First half of text.
    1. Introduction to Japanese course: Final Written Exam on all material of first half of text. Terrifying!

  2. Yookoso! First half of text.
    1. Introduction to Japanese course: Final Oral Exam on all material of first half of texts. Extremely terrifying!

Japanese Hiragana for the five basic vowels

Hiragana:
a あ i い u う e え o お