Criminal Justice Glossary.
Samenow's Inside the Criminal Mind.
Brian Innes's The Body in Question: Exploring the Cutting Edge of Forensic Science.
Psychological research methods.
Know How: Guided Programs for Inventing Your Own Best Future by Leslie Cameron-Bandler.
Nature of Prejudice by Gordon W. Allport.
Learned Optimism by Martin E. P. Seligman.
Pessimism (defensive) (Norem).
Introduction to Political Science.
Political Science Glossary.
USA Modern History:
Challenges for freedpeople after the Civil War.
Challenges by workers to industrialization.
USA Modern History Glossary.
Death and Dying.
Books read recently.
Best books read.
Harry Potter books.
Text book [AGBV, 2005]:
American Government: Brief Version
by James Q. Wilson
for a class on Political Science.
- What Should We Know About American Government?
- The Constitution
- Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
- Public Opinion and the Media
- Political Parties and Interest Groups
- Campaigns and Elections
- The Presidency
- The Bureaucracy
- The Judiciary
- Making Domestic Policy
- Making Foreign and Military Policy
- American Government: Continuity and Change
Initially, arrogant industrialists and politicians collaborated to use police support (sometimes violent)
to support the factory bosses and break strikes.
Eventually, after over a century, the worker does see huge benefits, resulting from the
workers' protests that began at the end of the 19th century and that include:
||Civil War ends.
||NLU (National Labor Union):
members could be farmers or factory workers;
promoted support for:
Disappeared in 1873 depression.
|(1) 8-hour day
||(2) legislation for arbitration of labor/owner disputes.
||The Grange (begun by a farmer (Kelly)): farmers' cooperative to:
|(1) market crops
||(2) compete with railroad discrimination.
||Knights of Labor began in Philadelphia by Uriah Stephens & tailors; committed to:
of farmers and factory workers (versus "non-producing" people who included
bankers, lawyers, liquor sellers, gamblers).
|(1) private property
||Increased use of machines reduced industry's demand for "willing men".
||Start of Carnegie steel mills, with eventual
vertical integration so that
Carnegie controlled the extraction and shipping of ore, coke, and limestone,
as well as the production and marketing of steel.
||1-in-7 worked in the railroad industry.
Great labor uprising: first strike in US history when the railroad required
longer hours for 10% less pay.
||Greenback Labor party, which led to Populist party.
Excluded women and African Americans.
Employers manipulated the workers through their ethnic, religious, and racial
Challenged by cheap immigrant labor (up to half a million immigrant laborers per year).
In 1880s: increasing opposition to Chinese by job-hunting whites.
Taylor and other efficiency experts shaved factory costs, which often included getting more work for the same pay
and reducing the number of employees needed to accomplish the same ends as before.
Congress's Chinese Exclusion Act,
engineered partly by the
Knights of Labor and the
Workingman's party of California.
Challenge: Rockefeller petrol (Standard Oil Trust): horizontal integration.
8 anarchists arrested and sentenced to death.
Demise of Knights of Labor.
||Gompers found AFL for skilled workers to demand:
|(1) better wages
||(2) better working conditions.
||Emma Goldman (age 20) commits herself to being an Anarchist.
In addition to promoting sexual liberation for women, encouraged:
- Individual aspiration, self-expression, and self-development.
- Contempt for government, organized religion, and other rigid institutions.
- Belief that social harmony could arise spontaneously.
- Direct action and open resistance to authority.
||United Mine Workers: a union of radical labor.
||Populist (peoples') party formed, combining: urban and rural, male and female,
agricultural and industrial workers. Missions:
|(1) protest hardships of the workers
||(2) demand federal government action to fix the problems.
||Steel workers strike following wage cuts.
Troops escorted strike-breaking workers into the mill.
The strike ended with strike-breakers taking the jobs,
mill workforce being cut by 25%,
and reduction of the strike-breakers' wages.
Miners (gold, silver, copper) walked off the job in response to wage cutting.
After strike-breakers were brought in,
the strikers blew up the mines,
but were captured and defeated.
1893: Formation of Western Federation of Miners.
Worst nationwide depression to date;
20% of workers lost their jobs.
||Pullman workers' strike (led by Eugene V. Debs, who founded the American Railway Union
the previous year) after their wages were cut by a third.
declared the strike was interfering with U.S. mail delivery
and executed an injunction for the strikers to return to work.
Assassination of President
by an anarchist.
||IWW (Industrial Workers of the World) founded by socialist and labor militants.
Open to all.
Included women, African Americans, immigrants, and the unskilled.
||Upton Sinclair's The Jungle revealed squalor of meat-packing plants.
Led to the Pure Food and Drug Act.
||Garment workers' strike for:
Failed compromise and the strike fell apart.
|(1) reduction to 52 hours per week
||(2) overtime pay
||(3) union recognition
||Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire.
146 women died and were perceived as having been murdered by the Company.
||Debs ran as socialist party candidate for congress.